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Kolumna maryjna

Marian Column


(Wikipedia)
Hans Adam Beyerhoff
1680-81

Kłodzko /  Kolumna maryjna   Kłodzko /  Kolumna maryjna

Description

Marian and plague column in three levels.
  1. Statue on a column.

    (click on the photo for an enlargement.)
    Kłodzko - Kolumna maryjna
    1
    1. Maria Annunciation

  2. Small square base. On the four corners of the large base stand four statues:

    (click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)
    Kłodzko - Kolumna maryjna
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    Kłodzko - Kolumna maryjna
    3
    Kłodzko - Kolumna maryjna
    4
    Kłodzko - Kolumna maryjna
    5
    1. The Guardian Angel of Glatz (Kłodzko)
    2. Święty Florian / Saint Florian
      (d. c. 304), commander of the imperial army in the Roman province of Noricum, responsible for organizing firefighting brigades. Martyred because is did not want to sacrifice to Roman gods. He is usually depicted as a Roman officer pouring water from a pitcher over a fire (Wikipedia).
    3. Święty Józef / Saint Joseph
      the husband of the Virgin Mary and the earthly father of Jesus Christ (in distinction to God, his "heavenly father") (Wikipedia).
    4. Archanioł Gabriel / Archangel Gabriel
      (Hebrew: גַּבְרִיאֵל, 'God is my strength'), archangel who serves as a messenger to humans from God (Wikipedia).

  3. Large base which encloses a statue

    (click on the photo for an enlargement.)
    Kłodzko - Kolumna maryjna
    6
    1. Święta Rozalia / Saint Rosalia, she is visible through gitters.
      (1130-1166), also called La Santuzza or "The Little Saint", revered as a protector against infectious diseases (Wikipedia).

  4. The whole is surrounded by a stone balustrade with statues on the four corners.

    (click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)
    Kłodzko - Kolumna maryjna
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    Kłodzko - Kolumna maryjna
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    Kłodzko - Kolumna maryjna
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    Kłodzko - Kolumna maryjna
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    1. Święty Franciszek Ksawery / Saint Francis Xavier
      (Javier, Navarra 1506 - São João Island, China, 1552), pioneering Roman Catholic missionary, co-founder of the Society of Jesus (Wikipedia).
    2. Święty Sebastian / Saint Sebastian
      (died c. 288), martyr, killed during the Roman emperor Diocletian's persecution of Christians (Wikipedia).
    3. Święty Roch / Saint Roch
      (14th century), saint from Montpellier, he is specially invoked against the plague. (Wikipedia).
    4. Święty Karol Boromeusz / Saint Charles Borromeo
      (Italian: Carlo Borromeo) (1538 - 1584), cardinal, worked during the Counter-Reformation and was responsible for significant reforms in the Catholic Church (Wikipedia).

Inscription(s)

On the round column:

CoLo▀Vs
MarIanVs
VIrgInI
ParentI
De VotVs
Ex hoc
beatam
me dicent
omnes
generaoes
On the four sides of the square upper base of the column:
Drauff als man wieder
Achtzig schrieb; Ein neue
Noth zum Kreutz unss
trieb; Die Pest hat Glatz
getroffen; Da rufft mit
Andacht Jederman;
fünff liebe Pestpatronen
an; Das leidlich abge
loffen; Sie lidden nicht
die Pest zu Glatz Alls
übern Hauffen schla-
gen; Darum ihre Bilder
dieser Platz,
Zum Dank soll künstig
tragen.
PIe apposItIs
In pestIseraLVe
Patronis
CaroLo BoroMeo
Francisco XaVerio
Sebastiano
Rocho
aC
Rosalia.
Nach Tausend und sechs
hundert Jahr, da sechs und
siebzig zählet war, Lied
Glatz Gefahr vom Feyer
Am Festtag der Verkünd
igung. Maria
half da▀ wohl gelung
Denn Menschen hilf
war teuer. Drumb sol
der hohe Ehrentritt
Wie Gott durch seiner
Mutter Bitt sein Herz
auf Glatz lie▀ neigen.
VIRGINI SALUTATE
Angelo Saltuanti
Angelo Vrbis Tutelari
S. Josepho
S. Floriano
Vrbs Glacium
asserali incendio
ILVstrI MagnoqVe DIe
saLVtata VIrgInIs
Liberata,
posuit

The corners of the faces of the large base are formed by the pedestal of the statue above it. On the sides are two texts, some with paintings, referring to the statue above it. On the front side is also a main gitter with the statue of St. Rosalia and a text behind it.

Southwest corner (Gabriel):
Dem Engel Gabriel
Dich liebes Glatz befehl,
Er hat den Gru▀ gelehret,
Mit dem du halber todt
In höchster Feyersnoth
Mariam hast verehret.
In flammas Gabriel
utile dicatat

[painting of the burning town]

Ob Gabrielis Ave
Sancta Maria Fave

Southeast corner (Guardian angel)
Der Schutzgeist dieser Stadt
Ein Ehrensitz hier hat,
Weil Er das Volk erwecket,
Das es bei finstrer Nacht
von tieffen schlaf erwacht
Und allen Brandt erstecket.
Neferat Vrbs ustas
Vigila sacer Angele
austos

[painting of the burning town]

Te Custode, olim
ne male sensitopom.

Northeast corner (St. Florian)
Sanct Florian von Stein
Mu▀ auf dem Platz auch sein,
Weil er für Glatz gekämpffet.
Er hat die Flamm behändt
Auff unser Bitt gewendt
Den Feyersturm gedämpfet
Ustorem ussisset
me sine carto suum

austos

[painting of St. Florian]

Si cura est Ligni,
Fac Florianum peret igni.

Northwest corner (St. Joseph)
Sanct JOSEPH steht auch hier,
Dieweil ihn alle schier
Zu Glatz besonders Lieben.
und hat bei Feyers-Zeit
Nich sein Octav die Leuth
Zu ihm mit Trost getrieben.
Nutritor CHRISTI
modico saturale sat
ignem

[painting of St. Joseph]

Nutritore bono
Fit sato flama satus.

In the niche with the statue of Saint Rosalia:

Dich zarte Christi Brant
Rosalia, wier ehren,
Glatz deiner Fürbitt traut,
Helff un▀ die Pest zerstören

On each side of the balustrade are three panels, those at the corners are on the pedestal of the statue and refer to the statue. The other panel are paintings of St. Mary with her appropriate title - the front side has the entrance in the center with a panel to each side.

South side
Mater

[painting]

[misericordia]

Vita

[painting]

...

[Spes]

[painting]

nostra

No text

[painting]

East side
Xaveri die▀ Geliebt,

Den Ehrentag zu feyern,

Zur Pest-Cur hoffnung gibt,

Auf Dich wiel Glatz sich steuern

Errichtet
1680
Renovirt
1853
1880
1897
1908
1946
1996-1998
Im Pestdienst wurd Sanct Rochus krank

und drauff von Hau▀ verstossen

Glatz gibt Sanct Rocho bessern Dank

macht ihn zum Stadtgenossen.

North side
[panel with ornament] No panel, text incised in the stone

Errichtet
1680
Renovirt
1853
1880
1897
1908
1946

[panel with ornament]
West side
Sanct Carl von Borrome

Lern Un▀ die Un▀ recht üben,

Bitt da▀ die Pest vergeh,
Gott wier von Hertzen lieben

Heiliger Sebastian!

Die Pest wiel unn▀ sehr schwächen

Nimb Dich der Glatzer Treulich an,
Du kanst den Pestpfeil brechen.

Salve

[painting]

regina

Annotation

The column is erected in 1686 by pastor Ignatz Pachy as a monument for the town fire of 1676 and the plague in 1680. On Mary Annunciation (25 March) 1676 the town was saved from a fire, where 15 houses were burnt. Further, in 1680, the town suffered from the plague and the plague saints (Rosalia, Roch, Charles Boromeo, Francis Xavier and Sebastian) had helped the town.

The upper part, Mary, the angels and Joseph and Florian refer to the fire. Mary is not depicted with Jesus in her arms, as usual on St. Mary Column, because of the date of the fire, the sculptor depicted Mary Annunciation.

The lower part of the monument to the plague.

Marian, Holy Trinity and Plague Columns (Mariensäule, Dreifaltigkeitssäule, Pestsäule)

Marian and Holy Trinity columns are religious monuments with a statue of Saint Mary or a depiction of the Holy Trinity on top of a column. Around the base of the column are usually various saints. Marian columns were built to thank the Virgin Mary for intervention to quell the pestilence and other scourges. The first of those was erecrted in Vienna in 1667 (Mariensäule) and the second in 1679 also in Vienna at the Graben, the Pestsäule.
The purpose of the Holy Trinity columns was usually simply to celebrate the church and the faith, although the plague motif could play a role.
Erecting religious monuments in the form of a column surmounted by a figure or a Christian symbol was a gesture of public faith that flourished in the Catholic countries of Europe especially in the 17th and 18th centuries (Wikipedia)

Sculptor

Sources & Information

Tags

  • Beyerhoff, Hans Adam
  • Charles Borromeo, St.
  • Florian, St.
  • Francis Xavier, St.
  • Joseph, St.
  • Marian Column
  • Mary, St.
  • Plague Column
  • Roch, St.
  • Rosalia, St.
  • Sebastian, St.
  • Location (N 50°26'19" - E 16°39'14")

    Item Code: plds024; Photograph: 3 September 2012
    Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
    If you want to use photos, please contact us via the contact form (in Dutch, English or German).
    © Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt