Kossuth Lajos tér (V.)
Kossuth Lajos emlékmű
Lajos Kossuth Monument
Lajos Kossuth de Udvard et Kossuthfalva
Monok 1802 - Torino 1894
Hungarian lawyer, journalist, politician and Regent-President of the Kingdom of Hungary during the revolution of 1848-49
Kisfaludi Strobl Zsigmond
5 m high bronze statue of Kossuth on a 4 m high pedestal with six other figures of 3.8 m high on the side wings. The total monuments is 11.5 m wide. The six figures are:
The figures on the left side:
- Peasant woman with child
- Peasant man with hat in hand,
- Worker with rifle.
- Student with a sword (depicted is poet Sándor Petőfi).
- Armed horse herder in typical loose trousers.
The Kossuth Memorial in front of the Hungarian Parliament Building is an important Hungarian national symbol and scene of official celebrations. It was officially inaugurated on 6 November 1927 by Governor Miklós Horthy before a crowd of 100 000 people.
Originally, there were carrara marble figures on the monument made by János Horvay. Lajos Kossuth in the center, flanked by the other members of the first Hungarian parliamentary government, Pál Eszterházy, Gábor Klauzál, József Eötvös, István Széchenyi, Prime Minister Lajos Batthyány, Bertalan Szemere, Ferenc Deák and Lázár Mészáros. Horvay's composition was totally misguided because Kossuth played only a minor constitutional role in the first cabinet. The press heavily criticised the melancholic atmosphere of the memorial and the sculpture remained unpopular.
In 1950 the government of Mátyás Rákosi, the Stalinist dictator of Hungary ordered the dismantling of the "pessimistic" memorial. Zsigmond Kisfaludi Strobl made a new bronze statue of Kossuth pointing towards a brighter future with a raised hand. The six other figures (among them poet Sándor Pet?fi) were made by András Kocsis and Lajos Ungváry. The plinth was clad with red marble blocks.
The new memorial was inaugurated in 1952.
The dismantled Horvay-group was given to the town of Dombóvár in 1959 where the figures were separately re-erected in 1973 in the City Park.
- Kisfaludi Strobl Zsigmond (Alsórajk 1884 - Budapest 1975),
Sources & Information
Location (N 47°30'29" - E 19°2'50")
Item Code: hubp010; Photograph: 7 September 2012
Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
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© Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt
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