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Unionsgatan 29
(Helsingin Tuomiokirkko - Cathedral of Helsinki)

Kaksitoista apostolia

The twelve Apostles

August Wredow & Hermann Schievelbein
S.P. Deravanne zinc foundry

Helsinki /  Kaksitoista apostolia   Helsinki /  Kaksitoista apostolia


Zinc statues of the twelve apostles on the four pediments of the Helsinki Cathedral

    Helsinki - Kaksitoista apostolia
    Helsinki - Kaksitoista apostolia
    Helsinki - Kaksitoista apostolia
  1. Simon Kananeus / St. Simon the Zealot or Simon Zelotes, one of the most obscure among the apostles of Jesus. He is depicted with a saw (Wikipedia).
  2. Pietari / St. Peter (possibly died AD 67), apostle, first pope; patron saint of locksmiths and confessors. Usually holding the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven in his hand (Wikipedia)
  3. Tuomas / St. Thomas one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ. Patron saint of architects, builders and land surveyors, usually holding a right-angle (Wikipedia).


    Helsinki - Kaksitoista apostolia
    Helsinki - Kaksitoista apostolia
    Helsinki - Kaksitoista apostolia
  4. Bartolomeus / St. Bartholomew the Apostle, one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ. Protector of shepherds and winegrowers. His attribute is a knife, which signifies the way in which he died (Wikipedia).
  5. Johannes Sebedeuksen poika / St. John the Apostle one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ. The patron saint of book engravers, booksellers and authors, John, is holding a book and a chalice, and he, according to legend, prayed for it to become non-poisonous - considered to be the same person as John the Evangelist (Wikipedia).
  6. Matteus / St. Matthew one of the twelve Apostles of Jesus and one of the four Evangelists. His attribute is an angel. As patron saint of book-keepers, tax collectors and security forces, he is also depicted with writing utensils (Wikipedia)..


    Helsinki - Kaksitoista apostolia
    Helsinki - Kaksitoista apostolia
    Helsinki - Kaksitoista apostolia
  7. Jaakob nuorempi / St. James the Lesser one of the Twelve Apostles. Depicted with a club, since he is said to have been clubbed to death (Wikipedia).
  8. Paavali / St. Paul the Apostle, (c. 5 - c. 67 ), persecuted the early followers of Jesus before switching sides and seeking to join them. He was instrumental in creating the Christian Church. He is the protector of tent-makers, theologians and the ecclesiastical press and is depicted with a sword. (Wikipedia).
  9. Jaakob vanhempi / St. James the Greater (d. 44), one of the Twelve Apostles. Patron saint of pilgrims, soldiers and cavalrymen. Depicted holding a pilgrim's staff decorated with a scallop shell. His remains are in Santiago de Compostela in Galicia (Spain) (Wikipedia).


    Helsinki - Kaksitoista apostolia
    Helsinki - Kaksitoista apostolia
    Helsinki - Kaksitoista apostolia
  10. Filippus / St. Philip one of the Twelve Apostles. He is protector of trinket merchants. He is depicted holding a cross in his left hand as a symbol of the way in which he died, and a book in his right hand as an emblem of dying for the Word of God (Wikipedia).
  11. Andreas / St. Andrew apostle and the brother of Saint Peter; founder and the first bishop of the Church of Byzantium. Protector of fishermen, in particular. He is shown with a saltire cross, in accordance with the way in which he died (Wikipedia).
  12. Mattias / St. Matthias the apostle chosen by the remaining eleven apostles to replace Judas Iscariot. Protector of carpenters, butchers and smiths. His attribute is a halberd, signifying the way in which he died (Wikipedia).


August Wredow sculpted Andrew, Matthew, Jude, John, Philip and Bartholomew; while Hermann Schievelbein sculpted Paul, Jacob, Matthias, Peter, Simon and Thomas. The twelve statues form one the world's largest uniform collections of zinc sculptures and are mentioned in most key articles on the production and uses of zinc.

Helsinki - Kaksitoista apostolia


Sources & Information


  • Bartholomew, St.
  • Deravanne zinc foundry, S.P.
  • James the Greater, St.
  • James the Minor, St.
  • John the Apostle, St.
  • Matthew, St.
  • Matthias, St.
  • Paul, St.
  • Peter, St.
  • Philip, St.
  • Schievelbein, Hermann
  • Simon the Zealot, St.
  • Thomas, St.
  • Wredow, August
  • Locatie (N 60°10'13" - E 24°57'7") (Satellite view: Google Maps)

    Item Code: fi104; Photograph: 1 July 2013
    Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
    If you want to use photos, please contact us via the contact form (in Dutch, English or German).
    © Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt

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