Monument to Red prisoners of the 1918 civil war
On a granite platform is a large granite gate, with in front five huge human figires of bronze, symbolizing the prisoners released from the camp in 1918.
jestöjen aloitteesta pys-
tytettiin toukok. 28. pnä
1978 tälle vuoden 1918
kuvanveistäja erkki kan-
On the initiative of the Lahti
workers' organizations erected
28 May 1978 on the site of
the largest Red prisoners
camp of 1918.
The monument, designed by the
sculptor Erkki Kannosto,
is dedicated to all red prisoners
[please correct translation]
Unveiled 28 May 1978. At the end of the civil war in 1918, the fields were the site of a camp where Red prisoners were collected, holding 20,000 male prisoners and thousands of women with their children.
Finnish Civil War, 1918
The Finnish Civil War (Finnish: Suomen sisällissota, kansalaissota; Swedish: Finska inbördeskriget) was a part of the national, political and social turmoil caused by World War I (1914-1918). The Civil War concerned control and leadership of the Grand Duchy of Finland after it had become sovereign in 1917. The war was fought from 27 January to 15 May 1918 between the forces of the Social Democrats led by the People's Deputation of Finland, commonly called the 'Reds' (Finnish: punaiset, Swedish: röda), and the forces of the non-socialist, conservative-led Senate, commonly called the 'Whites' (Finnish: valkoiset, Swedish: vita). The Reds — dominated by industrial and agrarian workers — were supported by the Russian Soviet Republic. The Whites — dominated by peasants and middle- and upper-class factions, in particular upper-class Swedish speakers — received marked military assistance from the German Empire. The Reds were based in the towns and industrial centres of southern Finland, while the Whites controlled more rural central and northern Finland. The Whites won the war, in which about 37,000 people died out of a population of 3 million
Sources & Information
Location (N 60°59'3" - E 25°38'40")
Item Code: fi058; Photograph: 29 June 2013
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