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Mühlhausen
Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis

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Bei der Marienkirche
(Marienkirche)

Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche

Saints Statues at the St. Mary's Church

Ferdinand Riedel
c. 1900

Mühlhausen /  Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche   Mühlhausen /  Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche

Description

St. Mary's Church is principally constructed in the 14th century, it is considered a masterpiece of the Gothic style. The sculptures on the façades all date however from c. 1900.

Main portal (southern transept)

The original sculptures were destroyed during the German Peasants' War (1524-25). The present statues date from c. 1900 and are made by Ferdinand Riedel.

Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche
Tympanum: Kreuzigungsszene / Calvary scene.
Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche
Trumeau: Maria mit Kind / St. Mary with Child

On the jambs eight statues of Apostles and Prophets. Left:

Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche
St. Mattäus / St. Matthew
one of the twelve Apostles of Jesus and one of the four Evangelists. His attribute is an angel. As patron saint of book-keepers, tax collectors and security forces, he is also depicted with writing utensils (Wikipedia).
Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche
St. Johannes / St. John the Evangelist
conventional name for the author of the Gospel of John - considered to be the same person as John the Apostle (Wikipedia).
Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche
St. Paulus / St. Paul
the Apostle, (c. 5 - c. 67 ), persecuted the early followers of Jesus before switching sides and seeking to join them. He was instrumental in creating the Christian Church. He is the protector of tent-makers, theologians and the ecclesiastical press and is depicted with a sword. (Wikipedia).
Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche
St. Petrus / St. Peter
(possibly died AD 67), apostle, first pope; patron saint of locksmiths and confessors. Usually holding the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven in his hand (Wikipedia)
Right:

Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche
Daniel
Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche
Ezekiel / Ezechiel
Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche
Jesaja / Isaiah
Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche
Jeremia / Jeremiah

Transept

Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche
Top gable: Christ in Majesty

Four statues on consoles depict the Adoration of the Three Magi:

Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche
One of the Three Magi
Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche
One of the Three Magi
Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche
One of the Three Magi
Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche
Maria mit Kind / St. Mary with Child

For the figures looking over the balustrade, see here

North portal (northern transept)

The sculptures date from c. 1900.

Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche
Tympanum: Die Vertreibung aus dem Paradies / Expulsion from Paradise.
Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche
Trumeau: Christus Savator mundi.

On the jambs six statues of the wise and foolish virgins (Matthew 25:1-13).

Left the wise virgins

Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche

Right the foolish virgins

Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche

Other portals

The two small door at the west part of the nave have each a statue in the tympanum.

Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche Mühlhausen - Heiligenstatuen an der Marienkirche
Southwest
Sankt Johannes der Täufer / St. John the Baptist
(c. 6 BC- c. 36 AD), itinerant preacher and a major religious figure who led a movement of baptism at the Jordan River. He baptized Jesus at "Bethany beyond the Jordan." (Wikipedia).
Northwest
King David
(c. 1040-970 BCE), second king of the United Kingdom of Israel, and an ancestor of Jesus (Wikipedia)

Sculptor

Sources & Information

Tags

  • Christ (Salvator Mundi)
  • Daniel
  • David (king)
  • Expulsion from Paradise
  • Ezekiel
  • Façade with statues (church)
  • Isaiah
  • Jeremiah
  • John the Baptist, St.
  • John the Evangelist, St.
  • Mary with Child
  • Matthew, St.
  • Paul, St.
  • Peter, St.
  • Prophet
  • Riedel, Ferdinand
  • Tympanum
  • Virgins (wise and foolish)
  • Location (N 51°12'36" - E 10°27'18")

    Item Code: deth201; Photograph: 14 October 2018
    Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
    If you want to use photos, please contact us via the contact form (in Dutch, English or German).
    © Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt