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Erfurt
Stadt Erfurt

Thüringen

Domplatz
(Hohe Domkirche St. Marien)

Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien

Saints Statues at the Cathedral Church of St Mary at Erfurt


14th-19th centuries

Erfurt /  Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien   Erfurt /  Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien

Description

The Erfurt cathedral is located on a hillside overlooking the Domplatz. The architecture is mainly Gothic and originates from the 14th and 15th centuries. The portals and the exterior façades are rich on saints' statues, there are about 60 statues. We could identify are about three quarters of them. And we found nothing about dates and sculptors.

Apostelportal / Apostles Portal

Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
Tympan with Calvary scene. Calvary or Golgotha was the site, outside of ancient Jerusalem's early first century walls, at which the crucifixion of Jesus occurred. In religius sculpture, a calvary is a type of monumental public crucifix with two or more adjoining statues (Wikipedia).
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
Mary with Child

Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
Thomas - Philip - Matthew - Bartholomew - Andrew - Peter
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
Paul - John - James the Greater - James the Lesser - Simon the Zealot - Judas Thaddaeus
The Twelve Apostles were the primary disciples of Jesus. During the life and ministry of Jesus they were his closest followers and became the primary teachers of the gospel message of Jesus. Their names are Peter, Andrew, James the Great, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew, James the Lesser, Judas Thaddaeus, Simon the Zealot and Judas Iscariot (Wikipedia).

Jungfrauenportal / Virgin portal

Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
Fürbitte / Intercession (Deesis group) Christ sitting on this throne, with St. Mary and St. John praying for the souls), a deesis
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
Erzengel Michael / Archangel Michael the Archangel, the field commander of the Army of God. He is often depicted slaying Satan represented as a dragon, and with a shield with text quis ut deus (Who is like God?, a literal translation of the name Michael). (Wikipedia).

Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien

Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
On the sides of the portal are statues of the five wise and five foolish virgins (Matthew 25:1-13).

On the buttresses of the Choir

starting on the south side (Domstraße) to the portals at the north side.

Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
King with orb and church model
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
Bishop with a snake climbing in his staff
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
St. Paulus / St. Paul the Apostle, (c. 5 - c. 67 ), persecuted the early followers of Jesus before switching sides and seeking to join them. He was instrumental in creating the Christian Church. He is the protector of tent-makers, theologians and the ecclesiastical press and is depicted with a sword. (Wikipedia).
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
St. Petrus / St. Peter (possibly died AD 67), apostle, first pope; patron saint of locksmiths and confessors. Usually holding the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven in his hand (Wikipedia)
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
Maria mit Kind / St. Mary with Child
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
St. Barbara (with a tower) known in the Eastern Orthodox Church as the Great Martyr Barbara, was an early Christian saint and martyr (Wikipedia).
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
St. Catherine (with a wheel) (early 4th century), Virgin princess, martyr; she was condemned to death on the spiked breaking wheel, but, at her touch, it shattered (Wikipedia).
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
St. Cäcilia / St. Cecilia (with an organ) patron saint of musicians and Church music because as she was dying she sang to God (Wikipedia).
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
St. Mary, crowned, with Jesus as infant standing next to here. This statue is not on a buttres, but stands on a column between two buttresses/
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
St. Elisabeth von Thüringen / Saint Elizabeth of Thuringia (holding a bowl with roses) (Bratislava 1207 - Marburg 1231), princess of the Kingdom of Hungary, Landgravine of Thuringia; built a hospital where she herself served the sick; symbol of Christian charity (Wikipedia).
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
St. Maria Magdalena / St. Mary Magdalene (with long hair, holding a bowl of myrrh) Mary of Magdala is described, in the New Testament, as one of the most important women associated with Jesus during his ministry (Wikipedia).
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
Crowned female saint with a church model
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
St. Joseph with Jesus the husband of the Virgin Mary and the earthly father of Jesus Christ (in distinction to God, his "heavenly father") (Wikipedia).
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
Bishop with book, making a blessing gesture
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien

Young saint with palm branch and book with a cone-shaped object

To the left of the stairs leading to the portals

Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
Male saint with open book.
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
Bishop with mitre and staff and a coin in his left hand.
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
Male saint holding a book against his chest
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
"S. Johannes" because of the book and the eagle on the console obviously St. John the Evangelist, although he usually is depicted without beard. It is the only statue on this church with a name!
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
St. Petrus / St. Peter with key and book.

Between the both portals

Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
St. Adolar von Erfurt / St. Adolar of Erfurt(Bishop with book and staff), missionary accompanying St. Bonifatius to Friesland.
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
St. Bonifatius / St. Boniface (Bishop with book and staff) (Wessex c. 672 - Dokkum 754), the Apostle of the Germans, missionary in the Frankish Empire; patron saint of Germany and the first archbishop of Mainz. He was martyred in Frisia in 754.
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
Female saint with two children in a niche closes with a grille.
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
St. Eoban von Erfurt / St. Eoban of Erfurt(Bishop with book and staff), missionary accompanying St. Bonifatius to Friesland.

Nave

Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
St. Gregory the Great (pope with tiara, staff and book, and at his feet a dove), pope 590-604 (Wikipedia).
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
probably St. Servatius von Tongern / St. Servatius of Tongres, Bishop with at his foot an eagle
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
Cardinal with document and staff with double cross, at his feet a small lion
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
St. Ambrosius von Mailand / St. Ambrose of Milan (Bishop with open book, at his foot a beehive) (c. 340-397), bishop of Milan who became one of the most influential ecclesiastical figures of the 4th century (Wikipedia).

West portal

Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
King Solomon, king of Israel and the son of David (Wikipedia).
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
Moses (Hebrew: מֹשֶׁה‎), Biblical figure, religious leader, lawgiver, and prophet, to whom the authorship of the Torah is traditionally attributed (Wikipedia).
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
King David (c. 1040-970 BCE), second king of the United Kingdom of Israel, and an ancestor of Jesus (Wikipedia)
Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien
Jesaja / Isaiah, prophet (Wikipedia).

Erfurt - Heiligenstatuen an der Hohen Domkirche St. Marien

Sources & Information

Tags

  • Bonifatius, St.
  • Catherine of Alexandria, St.
  • David (king)
  • Eoban of Erfurt, St.
  • Façade with statues (church)
  • Gregory the Great, St.
  • Isaiah
  • John the Evangelist, St.
  • Joseph with Jesus, St.
  • Mary Magdalene, St.
  • Mary with Child
  • Michael, St.
  • Moses
  • Paul, St.
  • Peter, St.
  • Portal
  • Servatius, St.
  • Solomon
  • Tympanum
  • Virgins (wise and foolish)
  • Location (N 50°58'32" - E 11°1'23")

    Item Code: deth143; Photograph: 12 October 2018
    Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
    If you want to use photos, please contact us via the contact form (in Dutch, English or German).
    © Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt