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Saarbrücken
Regionalverband Saarbrücken

Saarland

Ludwigsplatz
(Ludwigskirche)

Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche

Sculptures at the Louis Church

Franziskus Binck
c. 1775

Saarbrücken /  Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche   Saarbrücken /  Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche

Description

Lutheran baroque-style church. The church and the surrounding Ludwigsplatz were designed as a 'complete work of art', in the sense of a baroque place royale, by Friedrich Joachim Stengel on the commission of William Henry Prince of Nassau-Saarbrücken. Construction was begun in 1762. After the death of William Henry in 1768, work on it was stopped due to lack of funds. The church was finally completed in 1775 by his son, Prince Louis, and it was also named after him. During the Second World War, the church was almost completely destroyed. After a bombing on 5 October 1944, only the surrounding walls remained. Rebuilding began in 1949.

The ground plan is shaped somewhat like a Greek cross; the arms are 38.5 m and 34.2 m long and are each 17 m wide.

The sculpture programm by Franciscus Binck consists of:

With the earlier restauration of 1906 fourteen of the 28 statues are replaced with copies. Three of the original are still visible. Faith and Love are in the hall of the castle (see here), the one of St. Paul is used for a fountain on Schloßplatz (see here). At this moment, only 13 statues are present, of these only the prophet Daniel (no. 9) is an original 18th-century statue.

The complete list is (in italics the statues not yet replaced).

Balustrade statues:
EAST
  1. St. James the Greater
  2. St. Andrew
  3. St. Peter
  4. St. Paul
  5. St. Thomas
  6. St. Bartholomew
NORTH
  1. Abraham
  2. King David
  3. Prophet Daniel
  4. Fides (Faith)
  5. Caritas (Charity)
  6. Prophet Isaiah
  7. Pax (Peace)
  8. Veritas (Truth)
WEST
  1. St. John the Apostle
  2. St. Matthew
  3. St. Judas Thaddaeus
  4. St. Philip
  5. St. Simon Zelotes
  6. St. James the Lesser
SOUTH
  1. Prudentia (Prudence)
  2. Justitia (Justice)
  3. Prophet Jeremiah
  4. Misericordia (Mercy)
  5. Spes (Hope)
  6. Prophet Ezekiel
  7. Moses
  8. Aaron
Others
EVANGELISTS
  1. St. Matthew
  2. St. Mark
  3. St. John the Evangelist
  4. St. Luke
AMORTISSEMENTS
    Wilhelm Heinrich von Nassau-Saarbrücken
  1. Coat of Arms
  2. Portrait
  3. Monogram
RELIEFS
  1. Text.
  2. The Wheel of Ezekiel
  3. Three men in the furnace

Niche statues

Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
I. St. Matthäus / St. Matthew one of the twelve Apostles of Jesus and one of the four Evangelists. His attribute is an angel. As patron saint of book-keepers, tax collectors and security forces, he is also depicted with writing utensils (Wikipedia).
Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
II. St. Markus / St. Mark one the four Evangelists. His attribute is a lion (Wikipedia).
Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
III. St. Johannes / St. John the Evangelist conventional name for the author of the Gospel of John - considered to be the same person as John the Apostle (Wikipedia).
Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
IV. St. Lukas / St. Luke one of the four Evangelists. His attribute is an ox or bull, usually having wings (Wikipedia).

Balustrade statues

East arm
Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
2. St. Andreas / St. Andrew
apostle and the brother of Saint Peter; founder and the first bishop of the Church of Byzantium. Protector of fishermen, in particular. He is shown with a saltire cross, in accordance with the way in which he died (Wikipedia).
Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
3. St. Petrus / St. Peter (possibly died AD 67), apostle, first pope; patron saint of locksmiths and confessors. Usually holding the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven in his hand (Wikipedia)
Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
4. St. Paulus / St. Paul the Apostle, (c. 5 - c. 67 ), persecuted the early followers of Jesus before switching sides and seeking to join them. He was instrumental in creating the Christian Church. He is the protector of tent-makers, theologians and the ecclesiastical press and is depicted with a sword. (Wikipedia).
Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
5. St. Thomas
one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ. Patron saint of architects, builders and land surveyors, usually holding a right-angle (Wikipedia).
North arm
Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
8. König David / King David
Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
9. Prophet Daniel
Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
10. Fides (Glaube) / Faith
Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
11. Caritas (Nüchstenliebe) / Charity
Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
13. Pax (Frieden) / Peace
South arm
Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
25. Spes (Hoffnung) / Hope
Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
26. Ezechiel / Ezekiel
Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
27. Moses
Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
28. Aaron

Amortissements

Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
A. Coat of arms of Nassau-Saarbrücken
Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
B. Portrait Wilhelm Heinrich

Reliefs

Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
A. Text cartouches (see below)
Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
B. The Wheel of Ezekiel / Das Rad Ezechiels
Ezekiel's encounter with God and four 'living creatures' with four wheels that stayed beside the creatures (Ezekiel 1)
Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche
C. Three men in the furnace / Drei Mánner im Feuerofen
Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego are burned in the furnace because they didn't serve the statue of Nebuchadnezzar (Daniel 3)

Inscription(s)

templvm
evangelicvm
sacra sp. sancti sedes
fedei spei charitatis
officina avgvsta
ad lavdem dei pvblicam
a wilhelmo henrico
princ. nass. patr. patre
coetvievang. lvther.
liberaliter pie
magnifice
exstrvctvm
mdcclxv
Evangelical
church,
consecrated seat of the Holy Spirit,
sublime place of
faith, hope, love.
For the public praise of God
by Wilhelm Heinrich,
Prince of Nassau, father of
the Evangelical-Lutheran congregation,
generous, godly,
magnificently
built
in 1765
inchoatum patre
exegit hoc religionis monimen_
tum et in prinsecus decore exornatum.
divinis denique rebus faciundis dicavit.
filius paternæ virtutis æmulus achæres
ludovicus princeps nass. com. saaræ p.rel.
anno post natum o.r. mdcclxxiii
This monument of worship,
begun by the Father,
has been completed and delicately embellished
in the interior and finally dedicated to worship,
the son, disciple and emulator of paternal virtue,
Louis Prince of Nassau, Count of Saarbrýcken,
in 1773 after the birth of Christ.

Saarbrücken - Skulpturen an der Ludwigskirche

Sculptor

Sources & Information

Tags

  • Apostles (Twelve)
  • Binck, Franziskus
  • Charity (Charitas)
  • Coat of arms
  • Daniel
  • David (king)
  • Evangelists (Four)
  • Ezekiel
  • Façade with statues (church)
  • Faith (Fides)
  • Moses
  • Nassau-Saarbrücken, Wilhelm Heinrich von
  • Peace (Pax)
  • Spes
  • Virtues
  • Location (N 49°13'57" - E 6°59'11")

    Item Code: desl007; Photograph: 29 May 2019
    Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
    If you want to use photos, please contact us via the contact form (in Dutch, English or German).
    © Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt

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