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Ludwigshafen am Rhein
Stadt Ludwigshafen am Rhein

Rheinland-Pfalz

Maxstraße
(ehem. Lutherkirche)

Vier Evangelisten

Four Evangelists

The four Evangelists are Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. Their versions of the life of Jesus - the Gospel - are included in the New Testament. In art, they are depicted with their symbols: Eagle (John), Lion (Mark), Bull (Luke) and Angel (Matthew) or just with these symbols in the so-called tetramorphe.
Karl Friedrich Moest
1883

Ludwigshafen am Rhein /  Vier Evangelisten

Description

Four statues of the evangelists in the front façade of the church (the main part of the church was destroyed during world war II). Each evangelist is depicted with a book or scroll and his symbol at his feet:
  1. St. Matthäus / St. Matthew with an angel
    one of the twelve Apostles of Jesus and one of the four Evangelists. His attribute is an angel. As patron saint of book-keepers, tax collectors and security forces, he is also depicted with writing utensils (Wikipedia).
  2. St. Markus / St. Mark with a lion
    one the four Evangelists. His attribute is a lion (Wikipedia).
  3. St. Lukas / St. Luke with a bull
    one of the four Evangelists. His attribute is an ox or bull, usually having wings (Wikipedia).
  4. St. Johannes / St. John the Evangelist with an eagle
    conventional name for the author of the Gospel of John - considered to be the same person as John the Apostle (Wikipedia).

Ludwigshafen am Rhein - Vier Evangelisten
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Ludwigshafen am Rhein - Vier Evangelisten
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Ludwigshafen am Rhein - Vier Evangelisten
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Ludwigshafen am Rhein - Vier Evangelisten
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Four Evangelists

The four Evangelists are Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. Their versions of the life of Jesus - the Gospel - are included in the New Testament of the Bible. In art, these four evangelists are depicted since the fourth century not only in human forms, but also with symbols, inspired by the visions in the Bible book of Ezekiel 1 and Revelation 4. The Apostle John appears as an eagle, Luke as a bull, Mark as a lion and Matthew as an angel. This view, also called tetramorphe (from Greek: four forms), is probably of Syrian origin (Wikipedia).
In the earliest versions tetramorph was used as a symbol of the majesty of Christ, the human figure signifies the Incarnation, the bull Jesus' priesthood, the lion and the eagle the power of his divine grace. In the earliest representations of the tetramorph the four figures are arranged around the throne of Christ (Maiestas Domini) ( Catholic Netherlands).

Sculptor

Sources & Information

Tags

Location (N 49°28'52" - E 8°26'42")

Item Code: derp164; Photograph: 25 September 2012
Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
If you want to use photos, please contact us via the contact form (in Dutch, English or German).
© Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt