The façade of the south transept of the Paderborn cathedral shows various sculptures.
A. Statues of Christ and six apostles at the top edge of the gable. The statues are made shortly after World War II and restored in April 2015, the statues of St. Peter, the unknown apostle and St. Bartholomew made anew after the old examples in 2015 by Michael Diwo.
At the top:
- Christus / Christ
- St. Petrus / St. Peter (possibly died AD 67), apostle, first pope; patron saint of locksmiths and confessors. Usually holding the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven in his hand
- St. Bartholomäus / St. Bartholomew the Apostle, one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ. Protector of shepherds and winegrowers. His attribute is a knife, which signifies the way in which he died
- St. Paulus / St. Paul the Apostle, (c. 5 - c. 67 ), persecuted the early followers of Jesus before switching sides and seeking to join them. He was instrumental in creating the Christian Church. He is the protector of tent-makers, theologians and the ecclesiastical press and is depicted with a sword.
- St. Johannes der Evangelist / St. John the Evangelist conventional name for the author of the Gospel of John - considered to be the same person as John the Apostle
- St. Andreas / St. Andrew apostle and the brother of Saint Peter; founder and the first bishop of the Church of Byzantium. Protector of fishermen, in particular. He is shown with a saltire cross, in accordance with the way in which he died
B. Three statues in niches in the gable, showing the patron saints of the cathedral. The statues of St. Mary dates from the 19th century, the two others are from the 13th century.
- St. Mary with child,
flanked by two saints:
- Meinwerk (Renkum c. 975 - Paderborn 1036), bishop of Paderborn, 1009-1036, depicted with an eagle on his shoulder (Wikipedia).
- Simon I zur Lippe (c. 1196 - 1277), bishop of Paderborn, 1247-1277 (Wikipedia).
C. Two statues in niches in the both abutments.
- David with harp
We have not found any information about these statues.
D. Two reliefs between the abutments and the window. Each of these reliefs consists of two friezes.
The upper fries showing scenes from the life of Jesus Christ with mythical creatures above.
- left, upper fries:
- Mariä Verkündigung / Annunciation of Our Lady
- Geburt Jesu Christi / Nativity of Jesus Christ
- Darstellung des Herrn / Presentation of Jesus at the Temple
- right, upper fries:
- Die Taufe Jesu / Baptism of the Lord
- Die Versuchung Christi / The Temptation of Christ
The lower fries shows the ten virgins of the Parable of the Ten Virgins. with a baldachin of turrets abovefünf klugen und die fünf törichten Jungfrauen
- Die fünf törichten Jungfrauen / The Five Foolish Virgins.
- Die fünf klugen Jungfrauen / The Five Wise Virgins.
We have not found any information about these reliefs, except for illustrations in Westphalen's Denkmäler deutscher Baukunst : mit erläuterndem Text by Cornelius Schimmel (Münster a826) and after this work a short note with illustration on p. 286 (Fabeltiere) and 295 (Die Versuchung Christi) of the Handbuch der kirchlichen Kunst-Archäologie des deutschen Mittelalters by Heinrich Otte (Leipzig 1854); and in ed. 1868, 2, p. 904 (Die Taufe im Jordan). This author dates the reliefs with 13th century.
Sources & Information
Locatie (N 51°43'7" - E 8°45'22") (Satellite view: Google Maps)
Item Code: denw405; Photograph: 12 September 2015
Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
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© Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt
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