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Schönbrunner Schloßstraße 47 (13.)
(Schönbrunn Park)

Kaiser Josef II

Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor

Wien 1741 - Wien 1790
Holy Roman Emperor, 1765-90
(Wikipedia)
Franz Anton Zauner
1795 (1810)

Wien /  Kaiser Josef II   Wien /  Kaiser Josef II

Description

Equestrian statue showing emperor Joseph II in the costume of a military leader from antiquity and the plinth is decorated on the front and back with dedicatory inscriptions, while the sides are embellished with reliefs showing Joseph as patron of trade and agriculture.

The statue was modelled after the equestian statue of Marcus Aurelius (121-180 AD).

It is the cast model (made 1795) of the monument on the Josefplatz and was in 1810 here erected because Joseph II had played an important role in ensuring the preservation and expansion oft he Botanic Garden and the menagerie after his father's death.

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Kaiser Josef II. als Förderer des Handels / Emperor Joseph II as patron of trade
Emperor Joseph II, with behind him a consul and Fame (with a trumpet), looks at Mercury and a female figure sitting on bales (allegory of trade). In the background, a lighthouse and ships (referring to the opening of the Free Port of Trieste).

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Kaiser Josef II. als Förderer des Ackerbaus / Emperor Joseph II as a patron of agriculture
Emperor Joseph II, standing in the center, is led by a winged genius, over whose head is the Zodiacal sign of Aries, a reference to the month of birth of the emperor. Left is Europe with a horse, sitting in front a a building. To the right of the emperor is the Allegory of Prudence, holding a snake to her chest. In the right corner is a boy plowing the earth, guided by his father.

The monument is surrounded by a fence: bronze chains between low pillars. At the corners stand four round pillars of granite, each with four laurel-wreathed medallions with bronze reliefs. The four medallions on each of the pillars shows a scene from the emperor's life. These medallions are replicas of contemporary medals, and are designed by Daniel Becker, Ignaz Donner, Johann Martin Krafft (1738-1781), Anton Franz Widemann (1724-1792), and Johann Nepomuk Wurth (or Wirth, 1750-1811).

A. Front left (East) pillar

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  1. Left: Motto
    virtvte et exemplo (By virtue and example).
    The eye of God, and a crossed sword and rudder with a globe in the clouds in the background.
    After a medal ('Gnadenmedaille') by Anton Franz Widemann (45 mm, 1765).
  2. Front: Birth 1741
    natvs / mdccxli / die xiii martii (Born 13 March 1741).
    Hercules in a cradle with the two serpents sent by Hera.
  3. Right: Wedding 1760
    felix connvbivm [!] / celebrat. vindob. / vi. oct. mdcclx (Happy marriage, celebrated in Wien, 6 October 1760).
    Hymen, the Greek god of marriage, lights his torch at an altar.
    After a medal by Anton Franz Widemann (39 mm, 1760).
  4. Back: Coronation 1764
    gloria novi secvli / el. et cor. francof. / mdcclxiv (Glory of the new century, elected and crowned in Frankfurt 1764).
    Fortuna with a mural crown, sitting on a throne with in her hands a rudder and a cornucopia, above her an eagle with a sceptre.
    After a medal by Johann Martin Krafft.
B. Front left (East) pillar

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  1. Front: Foundation of the Institute for the Deaf and Mute 1779
    svrdi mvtiqve sollicitvdine mvnificentia principis / societati sibiqve vtiles redditi (The deaf and the mute, by the care and generosity of the ruler, become useful for themselves and the community
    A teacher takes from two deaf-mutes the bindings of their ear and mouth.
  2. Right: Edict of Toleration (Toleranzpatent) 1782
    concordia religionvm (Unity of religions)
    Two hands interlocked.
  3. Back: Founding Josephinum 1785
    cvrandis militvm morbis et vvlneribvs / academia medico chirvrgica institvta vienae [!] / mdcclxxxv (To cure the diseases and wounds of the soldiers, the medical and surgical academy, established in Vienna 1785)
    The Josephinum in Währingerstraße.
    After a medal by Johann Nepomuk Wurth (60 mm, 1785).
  4. Left: Founding Academy of Art 1786
    ingenio et indvstria / academia vien. Novis / institvtis avcta / mdcclxxxvi (With talent and hard work the Academy in Vienna was increased with new institutions, 1786)
    A genius introduces three putti representing painting, sculpture and architecture, in the temple of Minerva.
    After a medal by Ignaz Donner.
C. Back right (West) pillar

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  1. Front: Transylvania 1773
    felicitas daciae / profectio avg. / mdcclxxiii (The happiness of Dacia; departure of the Emperor)
    The Emperor on horseback, with at his feet Dacia, represented by a woman with mural crown and the coat of arms of Dacia, left background, the female figure of generosity with a cornucopia.
    After a medal by Johann Nepomuk Wurth.
  2. Left: Founding of a Almshouse 1784
    dilige devm svper omn. Prox. Vt te ipsvm / pavpervm institvto / vindob. Mdcclxxxiv (Love God above all, your neighbor as yourself with the establishment of the Almshouse in Vienna 1784)
    The Tablets of Law with the 10 Commandments - Roman numerals I-X - floating in the clouds.
    After a medal by Johann Nepomuk Wurth.
  3. Back: University of L'viv Established 1784
    optimar. Art. lvdis in galicia constitvt. / academia leopol. / mdcclxxxiiii (For training in the fine arts in Galicia ; established the Academy of L'viv 1784)
    Altar with lyre and owl (Minerva) and the coat of arms of Galicia?.
    After a medal by Johann Nepomuk Wurth.
  4. Right: Founding parliament of Galicia and Lodomeria 1782
    conventv ordin. Perpetvo in galicia et lod. Constitvto mdcclxxxii (With the establishment of a permanent regional parliament in Galicia and Lodomeria, 1782)
    Bearded man shakes hands with a woman with the coat of arms of Galicia and Lodomeria.
D. Front right (North) pillar

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  1. Front: Journey to Rome 1769
    roma exvltans / ob fratrvm avgg. / adventvm / mdcclxix (Rome rejoicing; because of the arrival of the imperial brothers [Joseph II and Leopold II] 1769)
    A woman representing the city of Rome and a lying Tiber.
    After a medal by Anton Franz Widemann (49 mm).
  2. Right: Journey to Italy 1769
    italia a caesare perlvstrata / mdcclxix (Italy traveled by the emperor 1768)
    The emperor on horseback leas by Pallas Athene.
    After a medal by Johann Martin Krafft.
  3. Back: Journey to Transylvania 1773
    s.p.q.d. / optim. Princ. / adventus avg. / mdcclxxiii (The senate and the people of Dacia to the best prince; the Emperor's arrival in 1773)
    Emperor Joseph on horseback riding to a city gate with the arms of Transylvania (Dacia). The emperor is accompanied by a woman with a cornucopia (generosity).
    After a medal by Johann Martin Krafft.
  4. Left: Bravery
    der / tapferkeit (Bravery)
    Laurel wreath with text.

Inscription(s)

D. IOSEPHO II ROM. IMP.
PRINCIPI
IN SVORVM ANIMIS
IMMORTALI

FRANCISCVS II ROM. IMP.
EX FRATRE NEPOS
ALTERI PARENTI
POSVIT

Emperor Joseph II
Prince
In his soul
immortal

Francis Roman Emperor
from his brother a nephew
for his second father
erected (this statue)

N.B. Francis was a son of Leopold II, Joseph's brother, but was since his 16th year raised by his uncle Joseph, therefore he called him his 'second father'.

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Sculptor

Sources & Information

Tags

  • Equestrian statue
  • Fame
  • Fortuna / Tyche
  • Generosity
  • Genius
  • Hercules / Heracles
  • Hymen
  • Joseph II (emperor)
  • Man with boy
  • Mercurius / Hermes
  • Monarch
  • Painting (art)
  • Plow
  • Prudentia
  • Rome (allegory)
  • Sculpture (allegory)
  • Tiber (personification)
  • Woman with cornucopia
  • Zauner, Franz Anton
  • Location (N 48°11'2" - E 16°18'4")

    Item Code: atwi207; Photograph: 18 September 2016
    Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
    If you want to use photos, please contact us via the contact form (in Dutch, English or German).
    © Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt

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