Statues - Hither & Thither

Italy
Bologna
Bologna (prov.)

Emilia-Romagna

Piazza Maggiore
(Basilica di San Petronio)

Sculture alla Basilica di San Petronio

Sculptures at the Basilica of St. Petronius

Various sculptors
1393-1541

Bologna /  Sculture alla Basilica di San Petronio   Bologna /  Sculture alla Basilica di San Petronio

Description

The Basilica of San Petronio is the main church of Bologna. Building began in 1390. It is the tenth-largest church in the world by volume, 132 metres long and 66 metres wide, while the vault reaches 45 metres inside and 51 metres in the facade. The facing of the main façade remains unfinished: many architects were commissioned to propose solutions for it, but a definitive one was never found. Jacopo della Quercia of Siena in 1425-1438 enriched the main doorway with sculptures, the two new small flanking were sculpted between 1524 and 1530. The lower frieze shows eight reliefs of saints on the lower frieze.

Bologna - Sculture alla Basilica di San Petronio
Porta Magna by Jacopo della Quercia, c. 1425-1440
Madonna col Bambino e i santi Ambrogio e Petronio
Virgin and Child, Saint Petronius and Saint Ambrose

St. Petronius holds a model of Bologna in his right hand; St. Ambrose is carved by Domenico Aimo in 1510. Michelangelo called the Madonna "the most beautiful Madonna of the fifteenth century".

San Petronio / St. Petronius of Bologna (died ca. 450 AD), bishop of Bologna, patron saint of the city (Wikipedia).

San Ambrogio / St. Ambrose (c. 340-397), bishop of Milan who became one of the most influential ecclesiastical figures of the 4th century (Wikipedia).

The two side portals were designed between 1524 and 1530 by Ercole Seccadenari and are decorated by various sculptors.

Bologna - Sculture alla Basilica di San Petronio
Resurrezione / The Resurrection
Sculpted by Alfonso Lombardi

Bologna - Sculture alla Basilica di San Petronio
Cristo deposto, Vergine e San Giovanni evangelista / Deposition from the Cross, Virgin St. Mary and St. John the Evangelist
Sculpted by Amico Aspertini (Nicodemus and Christ), Il Tribolo (Virgin) and Ercole Seccadenari (St. John)

Frieze

The lower frieze, shows eight quatrefoils reliefs depicting saints, sculpted 1393-94 by Paolo di Bonaiuto (Sts. Florian, Dominic, Francis), Giovanni di Ringuzzo da Varignana (Sts. Peter, Petronius and Ambrosius) and Giovanni Ferrabech di Alemagna (Hans von Fernach) (St. Paul). The eighth, St. Augustine, was added 1541 by Giacomo da Ferrara.

Bologna - Sculture alla Basilica di San Petronio
San Floriano / St. Florian
(d. c. 304), commander of the imperial army in the Roman province of Noricum, responsible for organizing firefighting brigades. Martyred because is did not want to sacrifice to Roman gods. He is usually depicted as a Roman officer pouring water from a pitcher over a fire (Wikipedia).
Sculpted by Paolo di Bonaiuto

Bologna - Sculture alla Basilica di San Petronio
San Paolo / St. Paul
the Apostle, (c. 5 - c. 67 ), persecuted the early followers of Jesus before switching sides and seeking to join them. He was instrumental in creating the Christian Church. He is the protector of tent-makers, theologians and the ecclesiastical press and is depicted with a sword. (Wikipedia).
Sculpted by Giovanni Ferrabech

Bologna - Sculture alla Basilica di San Petronio
San Domenico / St. Dominic
(Spanish: Domingo), often called Dominic de Guzmán (1170 - 1221), founder of the Friars Preachers, popularly called the Dominicans or Order of Preachers (OP) (Wikipedia).
Sculpted by Paolo di Bonaiuto

Bologna - Sculture alla Basilica di San Petronio
San Augustino / St. Augustine
(354 - 430), Bishop of Hippo Regius (present-day Annaba, Algeria), philosopher and theologian; his writings were very influential in the development of Western Christianity (Wikipedia).
Sculpted by Giacomo da Ferrara

Bologna - Sculture alla Basilica di San Petronio
San Pietro / St. Peter
(possibly died AD 67), apostle, featured prominently in the New Testament and the Acts of the Apostles. Patron saint of locksmiths and confessors. Usually depicted holding the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven in his hand. Peter is the first Pope (Wikipedia)
Sculpted by Giovanni di Riguzzo

Bologna - Sculture alla Basilica di San Petronio
San Francesco / St. Francis
born Giovanni Francesco di Bernardone (1181/82 - 1226), an Italian friar and preacher. He founded among others the Franciscan Order. Saint Francis is one of the most venerated religious figures in history (Wikipedia).
Sculpted by Paolo di Bonaiuto

Bologna - Sculture alla Basilica di San Petronio

San Ambrogio / St. Ambrose
(c. 340-397), bishop of Milan who became one of the most influential ecclesiastical figures of the 4th century (Wikipedia).

Sculpted by Giovanni di Riguzzo

Bologna - Sculture alla Basilica di San Petronio
San Petronio / St. Petronius
(died ca. 450 AD), bishop of Bologna, patron saint of the city (Wikipedia).

Sculpted by Giovanni di Riguzzo

Sculptors

Sources & Information

Tags

  • Bonaiuto, Paolo di
  • Christ
  • Dominic, St.
  • Façade with statues (church)
  • Fernach (Giovanni Ferrabech), Hans von
  • Ferrara, Giacomo da
  • Florian, St.
  • Francis of Assisi, St.
  • John the Evangelist, St.
  • Lombardi, Alfonso
  • Mary with Child
  • Mary, St.
  • Nicodemus, St.
  • Paul, St.
  • Peter, St.
  • Petronius of Bologna, St.
  • Quercia, Jacopo della
  • Riguzzo, Giovanni di
  • Seccadenari, Ercole
  • Tribolo, Niccolò
  • Tympan
  • Location (N 44°29'35" - E 11°20'35")

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    Item Code: iter088; Photograph: 12 May 2017
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