Statues - Hither & Thither

Ireland
Cork - Corcaigh
Cork - Corcaigh

Bishop Street
(St. Fin Barre's Cathedral)

Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral

C.W. Harrison & Sons
1870

Cork - <i>Corcaigh</i> /  Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral

Description

At the exterior of the cathedral are found 61 sculptures: 20 statues or statue groups, 7 reliefs and 34 small archivolt reliefs.

Tympans of the three portals

  1. (north) Expulsion from Paradise(and other scenes)
  2. (central) The Last Judgment, the dead are seen rising from their graves, some being welcomed into heaven and others being turned away.
  3. (south) Abraham sacrificing Isaac (and other scenes)

    (click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    1
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    2
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    3

Statues at the three portals


Central portal:
  1. The Wise Virgins
  2. The Bridegroom
  3. The Foolish Virgins

    (click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)
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    5
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The Parable of the Wise and Foolish Virgins, is one of the well known parables of Jesus. According to the Gospel of Matthew 25:1-13, the five virgins who are prepared for the bridegroom's arrival are rewarded, while the five who are not prepared are disowned. The parable has a clear eschatological theme: be prepared for the Day of Judgment, which is shown in the tympanum above.

North & south portal:
The twelve apostles, John the Baptist and the four Evangelists

    North:

    (click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    7 - 10
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    11 - 14
  1. St. Philip
    one of the Twelve Apostles. He is protector of trinket merchants. He is depicted holding a cross in his left hand as a symbol of the way in which he died, and a book in his right hand as an emblem of dying for the Word of God (Wikipedia).
  2. St. Bartholomew
    the Apostle, one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ. Protector of shepherds and winegrowers. His attribute is a knife, which signifies the way in which he died (Wikipedia).
  3. St. Simon the Zealot
    or Simon Zelotes, one of the most obscure among the apostles of Jesus. He is depicted with a saw (Wikipedia).
  4. St. John the Baptist
    (c. 6 BC- c. 36 AD), itinerant preacher and a major religious figure who led a movement of baptism at the Jordan River. He baptized Jesus at "Bethany beyond the Jordan." (Wikipedia).
  5. St. Andrew
    apostle and the brother of Saint Peter; founder and the first bishop of the Church of Byzantium. Protector of fishermen, in particular. He is shown with a saltire cross, in accordance with the way in which he died (Wikipedia).
  6. St. James the Greater
    (d. 44), one of the Twelve Apostles. Patron saint of pilgrims, soldiers and cavalrymen. Depicted holding a pilgrim's staff decorated with a scallop shell. His remains are in Santiago de Compostela in Galicia (Spain) (Wikipedia).
  7. St. Thomas
    one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ. Patron saint of architects, builders and land surveyors, usually holding a right-angle (Wikipedia).
  8. St. Matthias
    the apostle chosen by the remaining eleven apostles to replace Judas Iscariot. Protector of carpenters, butchers and smiths. His attribute is a halberd, signifying the way in which he died (Wikipedia).

    South

    (click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    15 - 18
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    19 - 22
  9. St. Mark
    one the four Evangelists. His attribute is a lion (Wikipedia).
  10. St. Matthew
    one of the twelve Apostles of Jesus and one of the four Evangelists. His attribute is an angel. As patron saint of book-keepers, tax collectors and security forces, he is also depicted with writing utensils (Wikipedia).
  11. St. Jude Thaddaeus
    one of the Twelve Apostles (clearly distinguished from Judas Iscariot, the betrayer of Jesus) (Wikipedia).
  12. St. Peter
    (possibly died AD 67), apostle, featured prominently in the New Testament and the Acts of the Apostles. Patron saint of locksmiths and confessors. Usually depicted holding the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven in his hand. Peter is the first Pope (Wikipedia)
  13. St. Paul
    the Apostle, (c. 5 - c. 67 ), persecuted the early followers of Jesus before switching sides and seeking to join them. He was instrumental in creating the Christian Church. He is the protector of tent-makers, theologians and the ecclesiastical press and is depicted with a sword. (Wikipedia).
  14. St. James the Lesser
    one of the Twelve Apostles. Depicted with a club, since he is said to have been clubbed to death (Wikipedia).
  15. St. John the Evangelist
    conventional name for the author of the Gospel of John - considered to be the same person as John the Apostle (Wikipedia).
  16. St. Luke
    one of the four Evangelists. His attribute is an ox or bull, usually having wings (Wikipedia).

Pointed Archivolts of the three portals

Male and female occupations and professions
    North portal: Male occupations
    (click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)
    left:
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    23. Groundworker
    or Planter
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    24. Mason
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    25. Sower
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    26. Harvester
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    27. Thresher

    right:
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    28. Basket maker
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    29. Blacksmith
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    30. Cooper
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    31. Wheel maker
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    32. Shepherd

    Central portal: Male professions

    (click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)
    left:
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    33. Knight
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    34. Organist
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    35. Painter
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    36. Sculptor
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    37. Alchemist ?
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    38. Bishop
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    39. King

    right:
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    40. Navigator
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    41. Astrologist
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    42. Musician
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    43. Writer
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    44. Architect
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    45. ??
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    46. ??

    South portal: Female occupations

    (click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)
    left:
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    47. Female pigs
    guardian
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    48. Milkmaid
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    49. Scrubbing
    woman
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    50. Seamstress
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    51. Spinster

    right:
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    52. Mother
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    53. Teacher
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    54. Cook
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    55. ??
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    56. Nurse

Other statues and reliefs

    (click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    57
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
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  1. Gable of central portal: Three angels.
  2. Around the rose window: the emblems of the four evangelists Matthew (angel), Mark (lion), Luke (bull) and John (eagle). The four Evangelists are Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. Their versions of the life of Jesus - the Gospel - are included in the New Testament. In art, they are depicted with their symbols: Eagle (John), Lion (Mark), Bull (Luke) and Angel (Matthew) or just with these symbols in the so-called tetramorphe.

    (click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    Matthew
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    Mark
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    Luke
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
    John
  3. Apex of west front: Angel with book of sacred scripture
  4. Tympanum of north transept entrance: An angel measuring the temple of the heavenly Jerusalem accompanied by St. John the Evangelist. The sculpture was inspired by a passage in the twenty-first chapter of the Book of Revelation.. The angel is holding a measuring stick which was the main form of measuring at the time of construction
  5. Roof top of choir: Resurrection angel with two flutes. This statue is architect Burges's gift to the cathedral.

    (click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)
    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
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    Cork - Corcaigh / Sculptures at St. Fin Barre's Cathedral
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Annotation

Begun in 1863, the cathedral was the first major work of the Victorian architect William Burges, who also designed the stained glass, the sculptures, the mosaics, the furniture and metal work for the interior. The foundation stone was laid in 1865 and the building was consecrated in 1870.
Many of the sculptures were carved on site by C.W. Harrison of Dublin.

Sculptor

Sources & Information

Tags

  • Cook (profession)
  • Cooper (profession)
  • Dorser
  • Eagle
  • Evangelists (Four)
  • Expulsion from Paradise
  • Façade with statues (church)
  • Farmer
  • Harrison & Sons, C.W.
  • Harvester
  • Isaac
  • James the Greater, St.
  • James the Minor, St.
  • John the Baptist, St.
  • John the Evangelist, St.
  • Jude the Apostle, St.
  • Knight
  • Last Judgment
  • Lion
  • Luke, St.
  • Mark, St.
  • Mason
  • Matthew, St.
  • Matthias, St.
  • Milkmaid
  • Monarch
  • Mother
  • Musician
  • Navigator
  • Nurse
  • Organist
  • Painter
  • Paul, St.
  • Peter, St.
  • Philip, St.
  • Portal
  • Sculptor
  • Seamstress
  • Shepherd
  • Simon the Zealot, St.
  • Smith
  • Sower
  • Spinner
  • Swineherd
  • Teacher
  • Thomas, St.
  • Virgins (wise and foolish)
  • Wheel maker
  • Woman with child
  • Writer (occupation)
  • Location N 51°53'39" W 8°28'51"

    eXTReMe Tracker
    Item Code: ie156; Photograph: 15 June 2014
    Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
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    © Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt