Česko

Statues - Hither & Thither

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Náměšť nad Oslavou
kraj Vysočina

Bridge over the Oslava

Barokní most se sochami

Baroque Bridge with Statues

Josef Winterhalder the Elder & Alexander Jelínek
1740-44

Náměšť nad Oslavou /  Barokní most se sochami

Description

Baroque bridge of 75 m long made up of seven arches of unequal width. The bridge was built in 1737 commissioned by Adrian Graf von Enkevoirt and was in 1744 adorned with 20 statues. At the end of the parapet of the two bridgehead there are statues of the archangels Gabriel, Michael, Raphael and an angel from heaven's gate - on this location asking for protection of the bridge and its users. On the north and south side of the bridge are 16 further statues. According to the latest findings the sculptor is Josef Winterhalder the Elder, and some statues by his student Alexander Jelinek. From 1981 to 1992 the bridge was restored and the statues replaced by copies. The original statues are in the lapidary of the castle Luteránce.

WEST
to town center
1
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Archandĕl Gabriel
Archangel Gabriel

(Hebrew: גַּבְרִיאֵל, 'God is my strength'), archangel who serves as a messenger to humans from God (Wikipedia).
11
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Archandĕl Rafael
Archangel Raphael

(Hebrew רָפָאֵל, Rāfāʾēl, "God Heals"), archangel, who performs all manners of healing.(Wikipedia).
2
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Svatý Kajetán
Saint Cajetan

, born Gaetano dei Conti di Tiene (also Thiene) (1480 - 1547), founder of the order of the Clerics Regular, better known as the Theatines (Wikipedia).
12
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Svatý Florian
Saint Florian

St. Florian (d. c. 304), commander of the imperial army in the Roman province of Noricum, responsible for organizing firefighting brigades. Martyred because is did not want to sacrifice to Roman gods. He is usually depicted as a Roman officer pouring water from a pitcher over a fire (Wikipedia).
3
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Svatý František z Pauli
Saint Francis of Paola

(Italian: Francesco di Paola) (1416 - 1507), Italian mendicant friar and founder of the Order of Minims (Wikipedia).
13
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Svatý Pavel
Saint Paul

the Apostle, (c. 5 - c. 67 ), persecuted the early followers of Jesus before switching sides and seeking to join them. He was instrumental in creating the Christian Church. He is the protector of tent-makers, theologians and the ecclesiastical press and is depicted with a sword. (Wikipedia).
4
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Svatý Petr
Saint Peter

(possibly died AD 67), apostle, first pope; patron saint of locksmiths and confessors. Usually holding the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven in his hand (Wikipedia)
14
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Svatý František z Assisi
Saint Francis of Assisi

born Giovanni Francesco di Bernardone (1181/82 - 1226), an Italian friar and preacher. He founded among others the Franciscan Order. Saint Francis is one of the most venerated religious figures in history (Wikipedia).
5
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Svatý Filip z Neri
Saint Philip Neri

(Firenze 1515 - Roma 1595), known as Apostle of Rome, founder of the "Congregation of the Oratory" (Wikipedia).
15
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Svatý Jan Nepomucký
Saint John of Nepomuk

(Nepomuk c. 1345 - Praha 1393), confessor of the queen of Bohemia, refused to divulge the secrets of the confessional. At the behest of King Wenceslaus of Bohemia he was thrown from the Charles Bridge in Prague and drowned. John of Nepomuk is patron saint of bridges (Wikipedia)
6
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Svatá Terezie
Saint Theresia

born Teresa Sánchez de Cepeda y Ahumada (Gotarrendura, Ávila 1515 - 1582), prominent Spanish mystic, Carmelite nun (Wikipedia).
16
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Svatá Anna s Marií
Saint Anne with Mary

mother of the Virgin Mary. She is often depicted with Mary as a child or a young girl (Wikipedia).
7
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Svatá Cecílie
Saint Cecilia

patron saint of musicians and Church music because as she was dying she sang to God (Wikipedia).
17
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Svatý Jáchym
Saint Joachim

the husband of Saint Anne and the father of Mary, the mother of Jesus (Wikipedia).
8
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Svatý Vavřinec
Saint Lawrence

(c. 225 - 258), one of the seven deacons of ancient Rome who were martyred during the persecution of Valerian. Usually holding a gridiron and wearing a dalmatic (Wikipedia).
18
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Svatý Ondřej
Saint Andrew

apostle and the brother of Saint Peter; founder and the first bishop of the Church of Byzantium. Protector of fishermen, in particular. He is shown with a saltire cross, in accordance with the way in which he died (Wikipedia).
9
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Svatý Václav
Saint Wenceslas

(c. 907 - 935), duke of Bohemia, raised as Christian by his grandmother, Saint Ludmila. He was murdered in 935 on his way to church. Patron saint of the Czech people and the Czech Republic (Wikipedia).
19
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Svatý Leopold
Saint Leopold

(1073 - 1136), Margrave of Austria, 1095-1136. Patron saint of Austria (Wikipedia).
10
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Andĕl od nebeské brány
Angel of the Gate of Heaven

20
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Archandĕl Michael
Archangel Michael

the Archangel, the field commander of the Army of God. He is often depicted slaying Satan represented as a dragon, and with a shield with text quis ut deus (Who is like God?, a literal translation of the name Michael). (Wikipedia).
to the castle
EAST

Annotation

Between 1740 and1744 Winterhalder created a series of 20 larger-than-life statues of saints and angels in shell limestone for the Náměšť Bridge, one of three of the kind surviving in the Czech Republic. Winterhalder invited the sculptor Alexander Jelínek, member of a renowned family of sculptors from Velké Meziříčí, to collaborate with him. Winterhalder produced several drawings associated with the commission, three of which are preserved in the graphic art collection at the Moravian Gallery. The drawings represent St. Joachim, St. Andrew and St. Michael.

Bridges with four or more statues

Mostly in Central Europe there are a number of bridges with several statues of saints. The presence of the saint statues on bridges can be explained by saying that "even strangers passing by could worship God in public through His saints, to the disgrace of heretics" (quote of the investors of the bridge at Náměšť nad Oslavou, source). A statue of the "bridge saint" Saint John of Nepomuk, is usually - but not always - included. In a few cases, bridges show secular statues (f.i., Hamburg). The overall prototype was Ponte d'Angeli, Rome.
Bridges with four or more statues are:
    30 statues
  1. Praha, Karlův most (Charles Bridge), (oldest 1683, most 18th century)
    20 statues
  2. Náměšť nad Oslavou
    12 statues
  3. Würzburg, Alte Mainbrücke, 1720-30
    8 statues
  4. Berlin, Schloßbrücke, 1847-57
  5. Žďár nad Sázavou
    6 statues
  6. Kłodzko, Most gotycki Św. Jana, 1655-1714
  7. Brtnice, Most pod zámkem, 1711-18
  8. Brtnice, Most na náměstí, early 18th century
  9. Lnáře
    4 statues
  10. Hamburg, Kornhausbrücke (statues of discoverers, two destroyed).
  11. Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou, 1714-16
  12. Písek
For bridges with two statues, see the catchword list "Bridge with statues".

Náměšť nad Oslavou - Barokní most se sochami

Sculptors

Sources & Information

Tags

  • Cajetan, St.
  • Cecilia, St.
  • Florian, St.
  • Francis of Assisi, St.
  • Francis of Paola, St.
  • Gabriel (Archangel)
  • Jelínek, Alexander
  • Joachim, St.
  • John of Nepomuk, St.
  • Lawrence, St.
  • Leopold, St.
  • Michael, St.
  • Paul, St.
  • Peter, St.
  • Philip Neri, St.
  • Raphael (Archangel)
  • Teresa of Ávila, St.
  • Wenceslas, St.
  • Winterhalder the Elder, Josef
  • Locatie (N 49°12'24" - E 16°9'32")

    eXTReMe Tracker
    Item Code: czvy040; Photograph: 4 September 2012
    Of each statue we made photos from various angles and also detail photos of the various texts.
    If you want to use photos, please contact us via the contact form (in Dutch, English or German).
    © Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt