Statues - Hither & Thither

Czech Republic
Polička
Pardubický kraj

Palackého náměstí

Marianský morový sloup

St Mary's and Plague Column

Jiří František Pacák
1727-31

Polička /  Marianský morový sloup   Polička /  Marianský morový sloup

Description

22 m high triangular Marian column from sandstone. On top is the statue of
(click on the photo for an enlargement.)
Polička - Panny Marie / Saint Mary
1
  1. Panny Marie / Saint Mary, standing on sphere with clouds, putti and a crescent moon.

(click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)
Polička - The Annunciation
a
Polička - The Nativity
b
Polička - The Assumption
c
She stands on column decorated with clouds. This "cloud" column stands on a triangular base in two levels. The upper level shows three reliefs with scenes of the life of Saint Mary.
  1. The Annunciation.
  2. The Nativity.
  3. The Assumption.

(click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)
Polička - Svatý Karel Boromejský / Saint Charles Borromeo
2
Polička - Svatý Roch / Saint Roch
3
Polička - Svatý Šebestián / Saint Sebastian
4
These reliefs are surrounded by three statues, flanked by angels, of
  1. Svatý Karel Boromejský / Saint Charles Borromeo, a young priest with a crucifix.
    (Italian: Carlo Borromeo) (1538 - 1584), cardinal, worked during the Counter-Reformation and was responsible for significant reforms in the Catholic Church (Wikipedia).
  2. Svatý Roch / Saint Roch, in pilgrim's outfit with staff and dog, and showing his tigh.
    (14th century), saint from Montpellier, he is specially invoked against the plague. (Wikipedia).
  3. Svatý Šebestián / Saint Sebastian, tied to a tree and shot by arrows.
    (died c. 288), martyr, killed during the Roman emperor Diocletian's persecution of Christians (Wikipedia).

(click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)
Polička - Svatý Václav / Saint Wenceslaus
5
Polička - Svatý Florian / Saint Florian
6
Polička - Svatý Vít / Saint Vitus
7
In niches on the faces of the lower level are statues of
  1. Svatý Václav / Saint Wenceslaus, a king with a flag and shield.
    (c. 907 - 935), duke of Bohemia, raised as Christian by his grandmother, Saint Ludmila. He was murdered in 935 on his way to church. Patron saint of the Czech people and the Czech Republic (Wikipedia).
  2. Svatý Florian / Saint Florian, Roman soldier with flag and throwing water from a bucket on a burning house.
    (d. c. 304), commander of the imperial army in the Roman province of Noricum, responsible for organizing firefighting brigades. Martyred because is did not want to sacrifice to Roman gods. He is usually depicted as a Roman officer pouring water from a pitcher over a fire (Wikipedia).
  3. Svatý Vít / Saint Vitus, a king with a scroll.
    from Sicily, died as a martyr during the persecution of Christians by co-ruling Roman Emperors Diocletian and Maximian in 303. Vitus is counted as one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers (Wikipedia).

(click on the photo for an enlargement in a separate window.)
Polička - Svatá Anna / Saint Anne
8
Polička - Svatý Josef / Saint Joseph
9
Polička - Svatý Jáchym / Saint Joachim
10
On the corners of the base are the statues, flanked by angels, of:
  1. Svatá Anna / Saint Anne, the mother of Saint Mary, with a book.
    mother of the Virgin Mary. She is often depicted with Mary as a child or a young girl (Wikipedia).
  2. Svatý Josef / Saint Joseph, the husband of Saint Mary.
    (Hebrew יוֹסֵף, "Yosef"; Greek: Ἰωσήφ), the husband of the Virgin Mary and the earthly father of Jesus Christ (in distinction to God, his "heavenly father") (Wikipedia).
  3. Svatý Jáchym / Saint Joachim, the husband of Saint Anne and the father of Mary, the mother of Jesus (Wikipedia).

Statue of Saint Mary Annunciation

Polička - Panny Marie / Saint Mary
WEST FACE SOUTH CORNER SOUTHEAST FACE EAST CORNER NORTHEAST FACE NORTH CORNER
Relief of the Annunciation

Polička - The Annunciation
with text cartouche:

AVE SPONSA
SPIRITVS SANC
TI
Statue of
St. Charles Borromeo
Polička - Svatý Karel Boromejský / Saint Charles Borromeo
Relief of the Nativity

Polička - The Nativity
with text cartouche:

AVE MATER
DEI FILII
Statue of
St. Roch
Polička - Svatý Roch / Saint Roch
Relief of the Assumption
of St. Mary
Polička - The Assumption
with text cartouche:

AVE FILIA DEI
PATRIR
Statue of
St. Sebastian
Polička - Svatý Šebestián / Saint Sebastian
CoLossVs
GratItVDInIs
GLorIę
MarIanę
VotIVVs

Chronogram 1731


Statue of
Saint Wenceslas

Polička - Svatý Václav / Saint Wenceslaus
Statue of
St. Anne
Polička - Svatá Anna / Saint Anne
Statue of
Saint Florian

Polička - Svatý Florian / Saint Florian
Statue of
St. Joseph
Polička - Svatý Josef / Saint Joseph
Statue of
St. Vitus
Polička - Svatý Vít / Saint Vitus
Statue of
St. Joachim
Polička - Svatý Jáchym / Saint Joachim
sub
faventissimis Austpiciis
Augustissimę et felicissimę Regnantis
Imperatricis
ELISABETHĘ CHRISTINĘ
Dominę Dominę Nostrę Clementissimę
erectus
Socha opravena
v r.
1836-1839 1891 -
1892 1926 1942
1962 1973-1976
1984-1987
Honori et Venerationi Augustissimae
Caelorum Terrarumque Imperatrice Deiparae
Virginis Mariae Sanctorumque hic Circumstantium
Patronorum, quorum omnium inverventa Civitas ista

SaeVIente DIra per hoC regnVM Contaglone.
Conservata fuit ab hac lue immunis in perpetuum
gratitudinis moc nosynon et impertrandum veteris
conservationis patrocinum

sVppeDanCo a MorTIs affeCtV
eXstrVCtVs.
Me
eX Voto
errIgI IVssIt
PoLICzka
Vrbs DotaLIs

Chronogram 1731

Vytesal Jiři Pacák
sochař z Litomyšle
v r. 1727-1731
na naklad měst..
a pamel moru r. 17...

Annotation

Built 1727-31 as thank for the protection of the town from the plague of 1713. The composition is probably suggested by the leading architect František Maxmilián Kaňka.

Marian, Holy Trinity and Plague Columns (Mariensäule, Dreifaltigkeitssäule, Pestsäule)

Marian and Holy Trinity columns are religious monuments with a statue of Saint Mary or a depiction of the Holy Trinity on top of a column. Around the base of the column are usually various saints. Marian columns were built to thank the Virgin Mary for intervention to quell the pestilence and other scourges. The first of those was erecrted in Vienna in 1667 (Mariensäule) and the second in 1679 also in Vienna at the Graben, the Pestsäule.
The purpose of the Holy Trinity columns was usually simply to celebrate the church and the faith, although the plague motif could play a role.
Erecting religious monuments in the form of a column surmounted by a figure or a Christian symbol was a gesture of public faith that flourished in the Catholic countries of Europe especially in the 17th and 18th centuries (Wikipedia)

Sculptor

Sources & Information

Tags

  • Charles Borromeo, St.
  • Chronogram
  • Florian, St.
  • Joachim, St.
  • Joseph, St.
  • Marian Column
  • Pacák, Jiří František
  • Plague Column
  • Roch, St.
  • Sebastian, St.
  • Vitus, St.
  • Wenceslas, St.
  • Location (N 49°42'52" - E 16°15'56")

    eXTReMe Tracker
    Item Code: czpa033; Photograph: 4 September 2012
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    © Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt