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Belo Horizonte
Minas Gerais

Praça da Estação

Monumento à Civilização Mineira ou Monumento à Terra Mineira

Monument to the Civilization of Minas Gerais or Monument to the Land of the Mines

Giulio Starace
1930

Belo Horizonte /  Monumento à Civilização Mineira <i>ou</i> Monumento à Terra Mineira   Belo Horizonte /  Monumento à Civilização Mineira <i>ou</i> Monumento à Terra Mineira

Description

Granite monument with a bronze statue and reliefs. The monument represents the domain of the territory by the bandeirantes and the conquest of the freedom by the miners martyrs. The work is composed by an allegorical figure of Mines and by four reliefs in the central block.
On the top is the figure of a naked man inspired by Apollo, with a flag in hand, representing the heroism of the citizen of Minas Gerais. Below one of the signs is the inscription in Latin Montani Semper Liberti (the mountain is always free).

Belo Horizonte - Monumento à Civilização Mineira <i>ou</i> Monumento à Terra Mineira
Francisco Bruza Espinosa, Castilian, was the first explorer of the sertao of Bahia in the sixteenth century (Wikipedia).

Belo Horizonte - Monumento à Civilização Mineira <i>ou</i> Monumento à Terra Mineira
Fernão Dias Pais (1608-1681) or Fernão Dias Pais Leme, a frontiersman from São Paulo. He was known as the 'Emerald Hunter' and was one of the most prominent bandeirantes (Wikipedia).

Belo Horizonte - Monumento à Civilização Mineira <i>ou</i> Monumento à Terra Mineira
The martyrdom of Tiradentes

Joaquim José da Silva Xavier "O Tiradentes"
(Fazenda do Pombal 1746 - Rio de Janeiro 1792), leading member of the Brazilian revolutionary movement Inconfidência Mineira whose aim was full independence from Portugal. Tiradentes was arrested, tried and publicly hanged (Wikipedia)

Belo Horizonte - Monumento à Civilização Mineira <i>ou</i> Monumento à Terra Mineira
The martyrdom of Felipe dos Santos

Filipe dos Santos Freire (c. 1680-1720), instigated the revolt of Vila Rica (Ouro Preto) on June 28, 1720. For his participation in the movement he was killed and quartered, his parts (head, legs and arms) were placed in pieces of wood and scattered throughout city (Wikipedia).

Inscription(s)

no ultimo anno do periodo governamental
------- do excellentissimo -------
senhor presidente deste estado,
o doutor antonio carlos ribeiro de andrada (1926-1930),
e sob os auspicios do mesmo,
foi erguido este monumento,
dedicado aos heröes e martyres mineiros que, no sacrificio
pela conquista do territorio e da liberdade,
------- verteram o seu sangue -------
em prol da fundaçãao e do engrandecimento da patria.

In the last year of the government period
------- of the most excellent -------
president of this state,
doctor Antonio Carlos Ribeiro de Andrada (1926-1930),
and under the auspices of the same,
fhis monument was erected,
dedicated to the heroes and martyrs of Minas Gerais who, in the sacrifice
for the conquest of land and freedom,
-------- shed their blood -------
in favor of the founding and the aggrandizement of the country.

alferes joaquim josé da silva xavier,
_________por alcunha o tiradentes
dr. josé alvares maciel
tente. corer. fraco. de paula freire de andrada
padre carlos correa de toledo e mello
padre josé da silva e oliveira rollim
coronel ignacio josé de alvarenga

antonio de oliveira lopes
capitão joão dias da motta
vicente vieira da motta
joão da costa rodrigues
alfes. victoriano gonçalves velloso
fernando josé ribeiro
josé martins borges

padre manoel rodrigues da costa
capitão josé de rezende costa
josé de rezende costa filho
dr. salor, de carvalho do amaral gurgel
padre josé de oliveira lopes
coronel josé ayres gomes
e escravo alexandre

Signature

(statue on top) J. STARACE
(reliefs) G. STARACE scvltore s. pavlo
(plaque on pedestal) GIULIO STARACE esculptor

Belo Horizonte - Monumento à Civilização Mineira <i>ou</i> Monumento à Terra Mineira

Sculptor

Sources & Information

Tags

Locatie (S 19°55'0" - W 43°56'2")

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Item Code: brmg008; Photograph: 7 July 2017  / updated: 17 July 2017
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© Website and photos: René & Peter van der Krogt